आफ़िड्स

Class: कीड़े
Common Name: आफ़िड्स
Scientific Name: There are thousands of different species, several hundreds of which are a major threat to plants and cultural crops. A few examples include: Myzus persicae (Green peach aphid), Brevicoryne brassica (cabbage aphid), Macrosiphum rose, and Pemphigus populive
Potential Host:

Apple, beans, beet, cabbage, peppers, corn, basil, eggplants, mint, cucumbers, zucchini, potatoes, roses, peas, citrus, mango, peach, pumpkin, melons, and watermelons

Who Am I?

Aphids are small polyphagous (0.5-5 mm), sap sucking insects that come in various colors and shapes. Most aphids don’t have wings, but the ones that do range in colors from black, green, pink, yellow, etc. Aphids are one of the most widely distributed pests in the world.

Feeding can cause stunting and plant/leaf deformities such as curling, while honeydew secretions are a “fertile ground” and a major contributor for the development of sooty mold fungi that in turn can lead to a decrease in photosynthesis.

Aphids are a major vector for dozens of viruses. That alone is enough to put aphids at the top of the most globally, economically hazardous list for commercial crops.

Control Measures

समय-निर्धारण : आरंभिक अवस्थाओं में संक्रमण से बचना अधिक सरल और किफ़ायती होता है खेत की नियमित रूप से देख-रेख करें और उपरोक्त चिन्हों को खोजें।

स्वच्छता : खरपतवारों, पौधे के अवशेषों, क्षतिग्रस्त भागों, अवांछित पौधों की वृद्धि, और आस-पास के खेती न किये गये क्षेत्रो और असुरक्षित पोधों को हटा कर आस-पास के क्षेत्र साफ रखें।

अंदरूनी ढांचे बढ़ाएं : ढांचे को बंद और जालियों को छिद्र-मुक्त रखें।

विश्व के एक अथवा अधिक भागों में प्रयोग किये जाने वाले उत्पादों में निम्न सामग्रियाँ हो सकती हैं :

फ़्लोनिकामिड्, पाइमेट्रोज़िन, सल्फ़ोक्साफ्लोर, इमिदाक्लोप्रिद, थियमेतोक्साम्, एसेतमिप्रिड्, बिफ़ेन्त्रिन्, साइपेर्मेत्रिन्, और च्लोर्प्य्रिफ़ोस्

अज़ादिराच्तिन, नीम तेल, पाइरिथ्रिन्स, और फैटी एसिड के पोटैशियम लवण

अधिकतर व्यावसायिक रूप से उपलब्ध उत्पाद एक अथवा अधिक बोवेरिया बसियाना स्ट्रेन GHA जैसे फफुंद जोड़ते हैं। एकीकृत पेस्ट प्रबंधन (IPM) में पैरासिटोयड बर्रे जैसे लाभकारी किटाणू और एफ़िदिउस कोलमनी लगातार प्रयोग किये जाते हैं।

Caution and careful notice should be taken when using any plant protection products (insecticides, fungicides, and herbicides). It is the grower’s sole responsibility to keep track of the legal uses and permissions with respect to the laws in their country and destination markets. Always read the instructions written on labels, and in a case of contradiction, work in accordance to the product label. Keep in mind that information written on the label usually applies to local markets. Pest control products intended for organic farming are generally considered to be less effective in comparison to conventional products. When dealing with organic, biologic, and to some extent a small number of conventional chemical products, a complete eradication of a pest or disease will often require several iterations of a specific treatment or combination of treatments.

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