Kutu

Class: Serangga
Common Name: Kutu
Scientific Name: There are thousands of different species, several hundreds of which are a major threat to plants and cultural crops. A few examples include: Myzus persicae (Green peach aphid), Brevicoryne brassica (cabbage aphid), Macrosiphum rose, and Pemphigus populive
Potential Host:

Apple, beans, beet, cabbage, peppers, corn, basil, eggplants, mint, cucumbers, zucchini, potatoes, roses, peas, citrus, mango, peach, pumpkin, melons, and watermelons

Who Am I?

Aphids are small polyphagous (0.5-5 mm), sap sucking insects that come in various colors and shapes. Most aphids don’t have wings, but the ones that do range in colors from black, green, pink, yellow, etc. Aphids are one of the most widely distributed pests in the world.

Feeding can cause stunting and plant/leaf deformities such as curling, while honeydew secretions are a “fertile ground” and a major contributor for the development of sooty mold fungi that in turn can lead to a decrease in photosynthesis.

Aphids are a major vector for dozens of viruses. That alone is enough to put aphids at the top of the most globally, economically hazardous list for commercial crops.

Control Measures

Tanaman atau bibit yang tahan terhadap penyakit merupakan syarat penting dalam budidaya.

Kebersihan area penanaman adalah hal terpenting, hindarkan tanaman dari gulma, sisa-sisa tanaman, bagian tanaman yang rusak, pertumbuhan tanaman yang tidak di ingginkan dan tanaman lain yang bukan merupakan tanaman utama budidaya.

Jaringan dalam tanaman, jaringan tanaman harus tertutup dan hindarkan luka atau lubang pada bagian tanaman.

Produk yang digunakan oleh satu atau sebagian dari dunia adalah mengandung bahan aktif sebagai berikut:

flonicamid, pymetrozine, sulfoxaflor, imidacloprid, thiamethoxam, acetamiprid, bifenthrin, cypermethrin, dan chlorpyrifos.

azadirachtin, neem oil, pyrethrins, dan potassium salt of fatty acids.

sebagian besar produk adalah gabungan dari 1 atau lebih jamur seperti beauveria bassiana strain GHA. Sedangkan serangga yang menguntungkan seperti tawon parasitoid dan Aphidius colemani digunakan secara teratur untuk management hama dan penyakit tanaman terpadu.

Caution and careful notice should be taken when using any plant protection products (insecticides, fungicides, and herbicides). It is the grower’s sole responsibility to keep track of the legal uses and permissions with respect to the laws in their country and destination markets. Always read the instructions written on labels, and in a case of contradiction, work in accordance to the product label. Keep in mind that information written on the label usually applies to local markets. Pest control products intended for organic farming are generally considered to be less effective in comparison to conventional products. When dealing with organic, biologic, and to some extent a small number of conventional chemical products, a complete eradication of a pest or disease will often require several iterations of a specific treatment or combination of treatments.

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