Class: Les insectes
Common Name: Pucerons
Scientific Name: There are thousands of different species, several hundreds of which are a major threat to plants and cultural crops. A few examples include: Myzus persicae (Green peach aphid), Brevicoryne brassica (cabbage aphid), Macrosiphum rose, and Pemphigus populive
Potential Host:

Apple, beans, beet, cabbage, peppers, corn, basil, eggplants, mint, cucumbers, zucchini, potatoes, roses, peas, citrus, mango, peach, pumpkin, melons, and watermelons

Who Am I?

Aphids are small polyphagous (0.5-5 mm), sap sucking insects that come in various colors and shapes. Most aphids don’t have wings, but the ones that do range in colors from black, green, pink, yellow, etc. Aphids are one of the most widely distributed pests in the world.

Feeding can cause stunting and plant/leaf deformities such as curling, while honeydew secretions are a « fertile ground » and a major contributor for the development of sooty mold fungi that in turn can lead to a decrease in photosynthesis.

Aphids are a major vector for dozens of viruses. That alone is enough to put aphids at the top of the most globally, economically hazardous list for commercial crops.

Control Measures

Calendrier: Il est plus facile et plus rentable de surmonter les infestations au cours des premières étapes. Surveillez régulièrement le champ et recherchez les signes ci-dessus.

Assainissement: Gardez l’environnement proche des cultures en éliminant les mauvaises herbes, les débris de plantes, les parties endommagées, la croissance indésirable des plantes et les plantes à proximité qui ne sont ni cultivées ni protégées.

Grandir à l’intérieur des structures : Gardez la structure fermée et les filets exempts de trous.

Les produits utilisés dans une ou plusieurs régions du monde peuvent contenir les ingrédients suivants :

Flonicamid, pymétrozine, sulfoxaflore, imidaclopride, thiaméthoxame, acétamipride, bifenthrine, cyperméthrine, et chlorpyrifos.

azadirachtine, huile de neem, pyréthrines, et sel de potassium d’acides gras.

La plupart des produits disponibles dans le commerce combinent un ou plusieurs champignons tels que souche Beauveria bassiana GHA.

Les insectes utiles tels que la guêpe parasitoïde et Aphidius colemani sont régulièrement utilisés dans la lutte antiparasitaire intégrée.

*Names marked in red are considered to be highly poisonous to beneficial insects.

*Names marked in green are considered to be organic and IPM (integrated pest management) compatible.

Caution and careful notice should be taken when using any plant protection products (insecticides, fungicides, and herbicides). It is the grower’s sole responsibility to keep track of the legal uses and permissions with respect to the laws in their country and destination markets. Always read the instructions written on labels, and in a case of contradiction, work in accordance to the product label. Keep in mind that information written on the label usually applies to local markets. Pest control products intended for organic farming are generally considered to be less effective in comparison to conventional products. When dealing with organic, biologic, and to some extent a small number of conventional chemical products, a complete eradication of a pest or disease will often require several iterations of a specific treatment or combination of treatments.

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