Chili Leaf Curl Virus

Class: Viruses
Common Name: Chilli leaf curl virus
Potential Host:

Peppers (mainly chili)

Who Am I?

Chilli leaf curl virus is transmitted by whiteflies (Bemisia tabaci) and is a serious threat to chili fields. Symptoms include the upward curling of leaves, plant stunting, and yield reductions.

Control Measures

There are no treatments for viruses. Infected pepper plants cannot be cured; therefore, the focus should be on prevention. If just a few plants show symptoms remove them from the field.

Try to avoid frequent use of organophosphate, carbamates, or pyrethroids insecticides; they will eliminate natural whitefly enemies and pollinators.

*Use plant varieties and seeds that are resistant to the virus.

*Grow Inside Structures: Keep the structure closed and the nets free of holes.

*Use pests monitoring techniques such as yellow sticky traps to keep track of the whitefly population.

Eliminating whitefly infestations prevents and stops chili leaf curl virus from spreading. This can be difficult because whitefly populations quickly develop a resistance to conventional chemical treatments.

The following insecticides are used in one or more parts of the world: ​cypermethrin, deltamethrin, bifenthrin, diafenthiuron, thiamethoxam, imidacloprid, acetamiprid, spiromesifen, buprofezin, cyantraniliprole, spirotetramat, and synthetic terpenes extract of chenopodium.

Control whitefly population with Azadirachtin, Fatty acid potassium SAL, Beauveria bassiana strain GHA, neem oil, and other plant oils

Amblyseius swirskii is a commercially available predatory mite that is capable of significantly controlling a whitefly population.

*Names marked in red are considered to be highly poisonous to beneficial insects.

*Names marked in green are considered to be organic and IPM (integrated pest management) compatible.

Caution and careful notice should be taken when using any plant protection products (insecticides, fungicides, and herbicides). It is the grower’s sole responsibility to keep track of the legal uses and permissions with respect to the laws in their country and destination markets. Always read the instructions written on labels, and in a case of contradiction, work in accordance to the product label. Keep in mind that information written on the label usually applies to local markets. Pest control products intended for organic farming are generally considered to be less effective in comparison to conventional products. When dealing with organic, biologic, and to some extent a small number of conventional chemical products, a complete eradication of a pest or disease will often require several iterations of a specific treatment or combination of treatments.

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