पतझड़ आर्मीवोर्म

Class: कीड़े
Common Name: पतझड़ आर्मीवोर्म
Scientific Name: Spodoptera frugiperda
Potential Host:

Fall armyworm affects over 80 different plant species. The following are important hosts: maize, rice, cotton, peanuts, soy, alfalfa, sorghum, sugarcane, bermuda grass, tomatoes, peppers, potatoes, eggplant, and tobacco.

Who Am I?

Fall armyworm (FAW) is a species of moth and a member of the Lepidoptera. It feeds on the leaves and stems of more than 80 plant species and causes major damage to economically important crops.

FAW is regarded as a highly invasive species due to its ability to spread and reproduce quickly; female’s can lay over 1000 eggs during her lifespan. The lifecycle of FAW includes: egg, sex larval stages, pupa, and adult moth. The larvae stage is responsible for damaging the crop, and the adult moths move in the direction of the wind, which can reach up to 100 km a day. The adult moth is nocturnal (active at night).

Control Measures

Bt-प्रकारों जैसे जाने वाले ट्रांसजेनिक पौधों की प्रकारों का प्रयोग करें।

समय-निर्धारण : आरंभिक अवस्थाओं में संक्रमण से बचना अधिक सरल और किफ़ायती होता है खेत की नियमित रूप से देख-रेख करें और उपरोक्त चिन्हों को खोजें।

स्वच्छता : खरपतवारों, पौधे के अवशेषों, क्षतिग्रस्त भागों, अवांछित पौधों की वृद्धि, और आस-पास के खेती न किये गये क्षेत्रो और असुरक्षित पोधों को हटा कर आस-पास के क्षेत्र साफ रखें।

विश्व के एक अथवा अधिक भागों में प्रयोग किये जाने वाले उत्पादों में निम्न सामग्रियाँ हो सकती हैं :

ग्रुप 1: साइपेर्मेत्रिन्, लम्ब्डा सिहालोत्रिन्, बिफ़ेन्त्रिन्, बीटा साइफ़्लूथेरीन, और डेल्टामेट्रीन

ग्रुप 2: च्लोरन्ट्रनिलिप्रोले और फ्लुबेंदामिद

ग्रुप 3: लुफ़ेनुरोन्, टेफ़्लुबेन्ज़ुरोन्, और मेथोक्सीफेनोज़िद

ग्रुप 4: प्य्रिडल्य्ल्

ग्रुप 5: इन्डोक्साकार्ब

ग्रुप 6: एसेतमिप्रिड्

ग्रुप 7: एमामेक्टिन बेन्ज़ोएट

ग्रुप 8: मेतोम्य्ल्

ग्रुप 9: च्लोर्प्य्रिफ़ोस्

स्पाइनोसाद-आधारित उत्पाद और बाकिलस थुरिंजिंसिस

*Names marked in red are considered to be highly poisonous to beneficial insects.

*Names marked in green are considered to be organic and IPM (integrated pest management) compatible.

Caution and careful notice should be taken when using any plant protection products (insecticides, fungicides, and herbicides). It is the grower’s sole responsibility to keep track of the legal uses and permissions with respect to the laws in their country and destination markets. Always read the instructions written on labels, and in a case of contradiction, work in accordance to the product label. Keep in mind that information written on the label usually applies to local markets. Pest control products intended for organic farming are generally considered to be less effective in comparison to conventional products. When dealing with organic, biologic, and to some extent a small number of conventional chemical products, a complete eradication of a pest or disease will often require several iterations of a specific treatment or combination of treatments.

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