Mouche méditerranéenne des fruits

Class: Les insectes
Common Name: Mouche méditerranéenne des fruits
Scientific Name: Ceratitis capitata
Potential Host:

kiwifruit, bell pepper, papaya, citrus (mandarin, orange, grapefruit, lemon – to some extent), grapes, mango, starfruit, litchi, apple, pear, peach, nectarine, guava, apricot, plum, cherry, tree tomato, pomegranate, avocado, banana

Who Am I?

The Mediterranean fruit fly, ceratitis capitata, is a serious pest affecting a wide range of commercial fruit crops and is one of the most widespread members of its family (tephritidae).

Despite the name, it’s original natural habitat is western Africa, but with time it migrated to regions such as the Mediterranean, northern and southern America, Australia, France, Russia, and other parts of Europe.

Damage to fruit is caused by the female when she lays her eggs under the fruit’s peel. Within three to four days, maggots emerge and start feeding on fruit pulp. Within five to six days, they punch a hole, and fall to the ground were they usually pupate. Within nine days, the adult emerges and becomes sexually mature after one week.

It’s rapid ability to penetrate and invade new regions forced countries to recognize it to be a quarantine pest (« a pest of potential economic importance to the area endangered thereby and not yet present there, or present but not widely distributed and being officially controlled. »)

Control Measures

Jusqu’à récemment, le contrôle de la mouche méditerranéenne des fruits consistait généralement à appliquer fréquemment des pulvérisations d’organophosphate comme le malathion associé à un leurre. Cependant, cet insecticide a été interdit par l’Union européenne.

Barrière physique : Enveloppez les arbres ou les fruits avec des filets dédiés (taille : 17 mesh et plus).

Assainissement: Gardez l’environnement proche des cultures en éliminant les mauvaises herbes, les débris de plantes, les parties endommagées, la croissance indésirable des plantes et les plantes à proximité qui ne sont ni cultivées ni protégées.

Utilisez des pièges disponibles dans le commerce conçus pour la capture en masse. Les pièges ne constituent une alternative équitable aux traitements conventionnels que s’ils s’accompagnent d’une surveillance systématique.

spinosad – à base de produits (éventuellement avec appât de mouche des fruits ajouté) et de pyréthroïdes tels que deltametrin.

*Names marked in red are considered to be highly poisonous to beneficial insects.

*Names marked in green are considered to be organic and IPM (integrated pest management) compatible.

Caution and careful notice should be taken when using any plant protection products (insecticides, fungicides, and herbicides). It is the grower’s sole responsibility to keep track of the legal uses and permissions with respect to the laws in their country and destination markets. Always read the instructions written on labels, and in a case of contradiction, work in accordance to the product label. Keep in mind that information written on the label usually applies to local markets. Pest control products intended for organic farming are generally considered to be less effective in comparison to conventional products. When dealing with organic, biologic, and to some extent a small number of conventional chemical products, a complete eradication of a pest or disease will often require several iterations of a specific treatment or combination of treatments.

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