Kupu-kupu / ngengat

Class: Serangga
Common Name: Kupu-kupu / ngengat
Scientific Name: Tuta absoluta and T. Absoluta.
Potential Host:

Tomatoes, eggplants, potatoes, tobacco, and peppers

Who Am I?

Tomato leafminer is a species of moth and a member of the gelechiidae family belonging to the Lepidoptera order. It is a serious pest of tomato crops in large parts of the world.

Damage to plants is caused by the larvaes (caterpillars) feeding on foliage and fruits. An unattended infection can easily become severe, resulting in up to 100% yield losses.

The caterpillars can attack ripe fruits, but they have a tendency to attack unripe, green fruits. Cherry tomato varieties are less likely to be affected.

Females can lay up to 250 eggs in her lifetime and will do so mainly on leaves. Optimal temperatures for tomato leafminer is between 25 to 35 degrees Celsius.

In the beginning, the most obvious signs show on the foliage in the form of tunnels that may resemble leafminer symptoms. Soon enough, the tunnels will become much larger and greater than leafminer tunneling, which appears substantially different.

Control Measures

Tanaman atau bibit yang tahan terhadap penyakit merupakan syarat penting dalam budidaya.

Alat pemantauan hama (perangkap) sangat penting untuk mengetahui sebaran populasi dari hama.

Perangkap komersial merupakan salah satu cara yang di rancang untuk penangkapan secara masal. Perangkap ini hanyalah alternatif untuk perlakuan secara konvensional dan dilakukan dengan cara pemantauan secara rutin dan sistematis tingkat populasi hama.

Kebersihan area penanaman adalah hal terpenting, hindarkan tanaman dari gulma, sisa-sisa tanaman, bagian tanaman yang rusak, pertumbuhan tanaman yang tidak di ingginkan dan tanaman lain yang bukan merupakan tanaman utama budidaya.

Jaringan dalam tanaman, jaringan tanaman harus tertutup dan hindarkan luka atau lubang pada bagian tanaman.

Produk yang digunakan oleh satu atau sebagian dari dunia adalah mengandung bahan aktif sebagai berikut:

flubendamide, methoxyfenozide, chlorantraniliprole, pyridalyl, lambda cyhalothrin, indoxacarb, bifenthrin, lufenuron, cypermethrin, emamectin benzoate, dan teflubenzuron.

spinosad produk berbasis dan bacillus thuringiensis.

*Names marked in red are considered to be highly poisonous to beneficial insects.

*Names marked in green are considered to be organic and IPM (integrated pest management) compatible.

Caution and careful notice should be taken when using any plant protection products (insecticides, fungicides, and herbicides). It is the grower’s sole responsibility to keep track of the legal uses and permissions with respect to the laws in their country and destination markets. Always read the instructions written on labels, and in a case of contradiction, work in accordance to the product label. Keep in mind that information written on the label usually applies to local markets. Pest control products intended for organic farming are generally considered to be less effective in comparison to conventional products. When dealing with organic, biologic, and to some extent a small number of conventional chemical products, a complete eradication of a pest or disease will often require several iterations of a specific treatment or combination of treatments.

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