Kutu Kebul

Class: Serangga
Common Name: Kutu Kebul
Scientific Name: Bemisia tabaci
Potential Host:

Tomato, pepper, squash, melons, cucumber (and other cucurbitaceae members), broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage (and other brassica members), cotton, carrots, potato, and fresh herbs such as basil and mint

Who Am I?

Whitefly is a multi-host with considerable differences that exist in appearance between adult and nymph stages. Females can lay dozens of eggs, usually on the underside of leaves. Nymphs feed by stabbing into the plant with their mouth-parts, sucking up sap from the phloem, and excreting honeydew (a sugar-rich substrate that promotes the growth of sooty mold.) The adults are white and capable of flying, hence the name.

Damage to hosts is caused directly from feeding and indirectly from honeydew. However, their ability to spread viruses have the greatest economic impact. Whitefly vector plant viruses like Begomoviruses, which is a group of plant viruses such as TYLCV in tomatoes and CYSDV in cucurbits. Whiteflies transmit Begomoviruses to host plants.

Control Measures

Jaringan dalam tanaman, jaringan tanaman harus tertutup dan hindarkan luka atau lubang pada bagian tanaman.

Kebersihan area penanaman adalah hal terpenting, hindarkan tanaman dari gulma, sisa-sisa tanaman, bagian tanaman yang rusak, pertumbuhan tanaman yang tidak di ingginkan dan tanaman lain yang bukan merupakan tanaman utama budidaya.

Alat pemantauan hama (perangkap) sangat penting untuk mengetahui sebaran populasi dari hama.

Aplikasi insektisida yang sering digunakan untuk lalat putih adalah cypermethrin, deltametrin, bifenthrin, diafenthiuron, thiamethoxam, imidacloprid, acetamiprid, buprofezine, spiromesifen, cyantraniliprole, spirotetramat, and synthetic terpenes extract of chenopodium.

azadirachtin, potassium salt of fatty acids, beauveria bassiana strain GHA neem oil, tanaman minyak lainya

Amblyseius swirskii adalah musuh alami yang tersedia secara komersial dan mampu mengendalikan populasi kutu kebul secara signifikan.

Caution and careful notice should be taken when using any plant protection products (insecticides, fungicides, and herbicides). It is the grower’s sole responsibility to keep track of the legal uses and permissions with respect to the laws in their country and destination markets. Always read the instructions written on labels, and in a case of contradiction, work in accordance to the product label. Keep in mind that information written on the label usually applies to local markets. Pest control products intended for organic farming are generally considered to be less effective in comparison to conventional products. When dealing with organic, biologic, and to some extent a small number of conventional chemical products, a complete eradication of a pest or disease will often require several iterations of a specific treatment or combination of treatments.

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