भूमध्यसागरीय फल मक्खी

Class: कीड़े
Common Name: भूमध्यसागरीय फल मक्खी
Scientific Name: Ceratitis capitata
Potential Host:

kiwifruit, bell pepper, papaya, citrus (mandarin, orange, grapefruit, lemon – to some extent), grapes, mango, starfruit, litchi, apple, pear, peach, nectarine, guava, apricot, plum, cherry, tree tomato, pomegranate, avocado, banana

Who Am I?

The Mediterranean fruit fly, ceratitis capitata, is a serious pest affecting a wide range of commercial fruit crops and is one of the most widespread members of its family (tephritidae).

Despite the name, it’s original natural habitat is western Africa, but with time it migrated to regions such as the Mediterranean, northern and southern America, Australia, France, Russia, and other parts of Europe.

Damage to fruit is caused by the female when she lays her eggs under the fruit’s peel. Within three to four days, maggots emerge and start feeding on fruit pulp. Within five to six days, they punch a hole, and fall to the ground were they usually pupate. Within nine days, the adult emerges and becomes sexually mature after one week.

It’s rapid ability to penetrate and invade new regions forced countries to recognize it to be a quarantine pest (“a pest of potential economic importance to the area endangered thereby and not yet present there, or present but not widely distributed and being officially controlled.”)

Control Measures

अभी तक, आम तौर पर भूमध्यसागरीय फल कीड़े पर चारा युक्त मैलाथिओन जैसे ओर्गनोंफॉस्फेट छिड़काव करने से नियंत्रण किया जाता रहा है। हालांकि, यूरोपीय संघ द्वारा इस कीटनाशक पदार्थ पर प्रतिबंध लगा दिया गया है।

शारीरिक बाधा : पेड़ों अथवा फलों को समर्पित जालीदार पर्दों से ढकें (आकार : 17 मैश और अधिक)।

स्वच्छता : खरपतवारों, पौधे के अवशेषों, क्षतिग्रस्त भागों, अवांछित पौधों की वृद्धि, और आस-पास के खेती न किये गये क्षेत्रो और असुरक्षित पोधों को हटा कर आस-पास के क्षेत्र साफ रखें।

बड़े पैमाने पर पकड़ने के लिए डिज़ाइन किये गये व्यावसायिक रूप से उपलब्ध ट्रैपों का उपयोग करें। पारंपरिक उपचार के लिए ट्रैप केवल व्यवस्थित निगरानी दिनचर्या के साथ प्रयोग किये जाने की स्थिति में ही एक उचित विकल्प होते हैं।

स्पाइनोसाद-आधारित उत्पाद (संभवत: फल की मक्खी के चारे के साथ) और डेल्टामेट्रीन जैसे पीर्थ्रोइड

*Names marked in red are considered to be highly poisonous to beneficial insects.

*Names marked in green are considered to be organic and IPM (integrated pest management) compatible.

Caution and careful notice should be taken when using any plant protection products (insecticides, fungicides, and herbicides). It is the grower’s sole responsibility to keep track of the legal uses and permissions with respect to the laws in their country and destination markets. Always read the instructions written on labels, and in a case of contradiction, work in accordance to the product label. Keep in mind that information written on the label usually applies to local markets. Pest control products intended for organic farming are generally considered to be less effective in comparison to conventional products. When dealing with organic, biologic, and to some extent a small number of conventional chemical products, a complete eradication of a pest or disease will often require several iterations of a specific treatment or combination of treatments.

Image Gallery