Leveillula Taurica Alert

Symptoms:

Symptoms begin as yellow spots on the front surface of leaves and white or grayish fuzzy spots with a powdery-like texture on the back of leaves.

Who Am I?

Powdery mildew is a fungal disease that can cause considerable loss due to nutrient removal, reduced photosynthesis, increased respiration and transpiration, and impaired growth.

The leaves drop if infestations reach a critical point.

Control Measures

The sooner the better: It’s easier and more cost effective to control and overcome powdery mildew during the initial stage of infestation. Make it a routine to monitor the field regularly and search plants for the presence of powdery mildew on a weekly basis.

Effective control requires spraying with high pressure and high volume of water; good coverage is of the essence.

The following is a list of generic names for fungicides known to help manage powdery mildew and is sorted into groups according to their mode of action:

Group 1: Penconazole, Triadimenol, Tebuconazole, Myclobutanil, Tetraconazole, Propiconazole, Prochloraz, Cyproconazole , Difenoconazole, Fenbuconazole, and Triflumizole; Group 2: Azoxystrobin, Pyraclostrobin, Trifloxystrobin, and Kresoxim-Methyl; Group 3: Sulfur, copper sulfate, bicarbonates, mineral oils, neem oil, and detergents\soap-based products

*Sulfur can cause injury to foliage and fruit when applied on days with a temperature above 32 degrees Celsius. Do not apply within 2 weeks of an oil application.

*When powdery mildew is present, yet the symptoms have not appeared, consider spraying applications of fungicides once every 14 days. Do not use products with the same active ingredient in consecutive treatments except in group 3, as there are no restrictions there.

*Use fungicides belonging to different groups to prevent powdery mildew from developing a resistance to specific chemicals. It is important to remember that if powdery mildew develops a resistance to fungicides within a group, the pathogens are likely to be resistant to all members of that group (except group 3).

*Some commercial fungicides have two active ingredients and two modes of action. After using such products, take into account that now you have two groups that you already used. Make sure to exclude those two active ingredients in the next application.

Sulfur (dust, wettable, flowable, or micronized) and potassium bicarbonate

Bacillus pumilis and bacillus subtilis

Caution and careful notice should be taken when using any plant protection products (insecticides, fungicides, and herbicides). It is the grower’s sole responsibility to keep track of the legal uses and permissions with respect to the laws in their country and destination markets. Always read the instructions written on labels, and in a case of contradiction, work in accordance to the product label. Keep in mind that information written on the label usually applies to local markets. Pest control products intended for organic farming are generally considered to be less effective in comparison to conventional products. When dealing with organic, biologic, and to some extent a small number of conventional chemical products, a complete eradication of a pest or disease will often require several iterations of a specific treatment or combination of treatments.

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