Countless plants and cultural crops
Lepidoptera is a large group of insects containing tens of thousands of different species categorize into dozens of superfamilies, some of which consist of several different families. The Noctuoidea superfamily is the most well-known; it includes the Noctuidae family, commonly known as owlet moths, cutworms, and armyworms.
Damage to plants is caused by moth larvaes (caterpillars) as a result of feeding on the different parts of the plants. Moth caterpillars are major agricultural pests with worldwide dispersion. Notorious moth species include: the gypsy moth, tuta absoluta, fall armyworm, beet armyworm, and the African cotton leafworm.
Monitoring: Closely inspect your fields (at least once a week) and look for the presence of moths. Populations start from a few moths, usually upon new growth then rapidly reach a colony of hundreds of moths.
Sanitation: Make an effort to clean and maintain your field’s close surroundings from weeds as often as possible.
Crops growing inside closed greenhouses or net structures will be safer than crops growing outdoors or unprotected. Closed structures should be pre-checked for existing breaches and fixed as soon as possible.
The following are generic names of insecticides uses in one or more parts of the world: flubendamide, Indoxacarb, methoxyfenozide, chlorantraniliprole, lamda cyhalothrin, bifenthrin, lufenuron, pyridalyl, cypermethrin, emamectin benzoate, and teflubenzuron.
Spinosad based products, Bacillus thuringiensis aizawai
The Common Green Lacewing (Chrysoperla carnea), some species of owls, and other species of birds and to some extent bats.
Careful thought should be taken when planning to use any of the above chemical marked in red. In some cases, the existing moth caterpillars population can rapidly develop resistance to insecticides. Therefore, rotation between products based on different active ingredients is crucial. If caterpillar populations remain unchanged after a single application of one of the chemicals marked in red, future applications won’t just be inefficient, they’ll likely wipe out the presence of any beneficial insects within the field close surroundings, thus making things even worse.
*Names marked in red are considered to be highly poisonous to beneficial insects.
*Names marked in green are considered to be organic and IPM (integrated pest management) compatible.